Mental-health Clinic No 1 named after N.A. Alexeev
The hospital was built with a vision for the future, and stands today as a shining and original example of Russian healthcare complexes at the turn of the 20th century.
The mind behind its foundation was Mayor N. A. Alekseev. Thanks to his efforts, the hospital was fully funded to completion by private donations in 1894.
The hospital was designed by esteemed psychiatrist, associate of S. S. Korsakov, and proponent of the no-restraint system Viktor Romanovich Butske. He was later appointed the hospital’s first medical director. The architect was architectural scholar L. O. Vasilyev, who chose a neo-Russian (brick) style for the project, which is designed as a complex of several two-story pavilions connected by heated walkways. It also includes the F. Ya. Ermakov Facility for Terminally Ill Men, and each building has its owned fenced garden.
Butske was committed to making patients’ stays at his hospital as relaxed as possible. Straitjackets were prohibited from the very first day, and the main principles of treatment were comfort, a human approach, and entertainment and work activities for patients.
From 1904–1907, P. P. Kaschenko served as the medical director. In 1905, a new building designed by A. F. Meysner opened as a treatment and entertainment center (currently the hospital’s club). The building where the museum has been located since 1994 was personally funded by N. A. Alekseev and built in 1896.
The museum offers several tours focusing on the history of the Mental-health Clinic No 1 named after N.A. Alexeev, the history of psychiatry in Moscow, psychiatric ethics, and psychiatric patient treatment.
The museum’s collection includes items that transport us back to the time of the hospital’s active use. Visitors can explore old clinical records, bulletins, reports, photographs, staff portraits and their biographies, and other biographies from sponsors and Great Patriotic War veterans, as well as items produced in the occupational therapy workshop. The museum also houses materials related to the hospital’s founder, former Mayor N. A. Alekseev (1885–1893), and medical directors V. R. Butske and P. P. Kaschenko. The distinguished psychiatrists P. B. Gannushkin, G. E. Sukharev, V. A. Gilyarovsky, and A. V. Snezhensky also spent part of their careers here.
The museum hosts lectures for students of the Psychiatry Department of Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University (RNRMU) on psychiatric ethics, general medicine, the history of Moscow psychiatry at the Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Training (RMACPT) and the career of N. A. Alekseev, and the treatment of psychiatric patients.
In 1994, the Church of Joy of All Who Sorrow was restored in the main building, and the hospital grounds also include two chapels: in honor of N. A. Alekseev, and in honor of the hospital’s sponsors. The Beket pond located nearby, which was dug in the 19th century and used to be part of the grounds, is a local favorite for daytime walks.
Telephone: (495) 952-8833, 954-9002
Adress: 2 Zagorodnoy shosse, Mental-health Clinic No 1 named after N.A. Alexeev
24.01.2019 The deadline for the submission of abstracts has been extended
Hereby we are informing you that, in accordance with the decision of the Organizing
Committee of the international conference “Centenary of community based psychiatry:
Landmarks and Perspectives”,
the deadline for the submission of abstracts has been extended until March 01, 2019.
The abstract submission section will be available in your personal account after
The conditions for abstract submission are also described in your personal account.
01.06.2018 Electronic pre-registration opened.
Call for papers
If you would like to contribute with the article, please, contact [email protected] for further instructions. Please, provide information regarding your name, your country, professional position and affiliations in the covering letter.